弱读

常速英语经常听不懂的原因,很大程度上是因为常速英语中有大量的弱读,连读和缩读现象,而其中弱读是被关注最少的,但是又是出现的频率非常的一种现象,掌握了英语弱读的一些基本规则,对与听懂常速英语可以说是至关重要。

英语和中文不一样,中文是一个字一个拍(新闻联播),但是英文是根据重音来打拍子的。所以在英语里有重读,也有弱读,要想讲出一口漂亮的英语,就是要学会该强的强,该弱的弱,这也是很多中国人发音的一个软肋。一般来说,实词都(我们需要表示具体内容的词:)需要重读,而虚词要弱读。

实词一般包括:名词,动词,形容词,副词,数量词,感叹词

虚词一般包括:代词冠词助动词情态动词介词连词

注意:不是说知道了如何弱读你的英语就会有突飞猛进的进步,你还需要在生活中刻意的练习和注意。但至少只有当你知道了,才有可能做出改变。

弱读三大原则

弱读成/ə/音

最重要的原则:大部分的元音弱读都可以弱读成/ə/

省略

  • 基本所有的h开头的单词句中弱读都可以把h发音省略
  • 省略元音:f

长元音变短元音

/i:/ ->/i/

/u:/ -> /u/

me we she

这类原来是长元音结尾的,弱读都变成短元音

me /miː/ ->/mi/

we /wiː/ ->/wi/

she/ʃiː/ ->/ʃi/

冠词

a

这个一般人音都发的对,只需要再弱点就行了,基本是感觉嘴间一阵风一带而过的感觉

a /ə/ Have a nice day

an

这个an一般老师教的是/æn/就是重读形式

但是实际发音是/ən/

an apple a day

He is an interesting person.

the

辅音前:/ðə/ the letter

元音前:/ði/ in the end

代词

he his him

在句首一般保留h发音,但是句中一般省略h音弱读成:/i/ /iz/ /im/

He likes the film.

/hi/

His face is red.

/hiz/

Did he come?

 /i/

I like him.

   /im/

her

辅音前:/ə/ Let her go.

元音前:/ər/ Send her away

us

/ʌs/ -> /əs/

please help us.

your

重读是/jɔː/

辅音前 :/jə/ do your best

元音前:/jər/ on your own

them

重读是 /ðem/

弱读成/ðəm/

I spoke to them.

助动词,系动词

be

/bi/

Be careful

am

弱读成/əm/

are

辅音前:/ə/ You are late.

元音前:/ər/ we are eager to learn.

were

辅音前:/wə/

元音前:/wər/

is

弱读成/z/

He is here.

was

弱读成/wəz/

do

辅音前:/də/ where do they live.

元音前:/du/ How do you do.

does

/dAz/ -> /dəz/

have

/hæv/

/həv/ I have met him before

/əv/ The visitors have arrived.

Have you answered his letter

has

/hæz/

/həz/ She has comes

/əz/ The place has changed

had

/hæd/

/həd/

/əd/ He said his son had gone aboard.

shell

/ʃel/->/ʃəl/

should

/ʃed/->/ʃəd/

can

/kən/

Can you help me?

could

/kʊd/ ->/kəd/

must

很多人不知道must只会说/mʌst/,语气很重,有种命令和强迫的感觉,但是 /məst/就会弱很多。

I must go.

辅音前 /məs/ we must be careful.

元音前:/məst/ You must eat it.

would

/wʊd/ ->/wəd/

would you help me?

been

/bi:n/ -> /bin/

and

and是使用的最多的,也是最容易出错的。大多时候,and都不规规矩矩的发/ænd/的音,而是大量的省略音节变成:
\/ən/ rain and snow

/n/ bed and breakfast

元音前:\/ənd/ sonw and ice

as

\/æz/ -> /əz/

as soon as possible

at

\/æt/ -> /ət/

She is at home.

but

\/bət/

nothing but truth

for

/fɔ:(r)/ ->/fə/

Thanks for coming

from

/frɒm/ -> /frəm/

-Where are you from? (这里可以用强读形式)

-I'm from China.

than

/ðæn/ ->/ðən/

better than before

of

/ɒv/ ->/əv/

of是形成连读的关键,试下下面的句子,如果你用/ɒv/基本没办法形成连读

a cup of tea

to

辅音前:/tə/

I go to bed at ten

元音前:/tu/

He has gone to America

that

/ðæt/ ->/ðət/

They said that they would come.

some

/sʌm/ -> /s(ə)m/

It will take some time

there

/ðeə/->/ðə/

There are some questions to be answered.